The Area of Huancavelica is : 22,131 km2. population : 463,250 ( last census 2005 ) it is around 500,000 ( this year 2007 ). The capital of this region is the city of Huancavelica.
Huancavelica is the poorest city in Peru. It has an approximate altitude of 3.600 meters; the climate is cold and dry between the months of February and August with a rainy season between September and January. Huancavelica is serviced by a train that runs between Huancavelica and Huancayo. There are no paved roads that go directly to Huancavelica. Most of the city is unpaved.
This region is divided into 7 provinces. The provinces are as fallows:
1.- Acobamba ( Acobamba ).
2.- Angaraes ( Lircay )
3.- Castrovirreyna ( Castrovirreyna )
4.- Churcampa ( Churcampa )
5.- Huaytara ( Huaytara )
7.- Tayacaja ( Pampas )
San Cristóbal Thermal Baths. These thermal baths are one of the main attractions of the city, because they are near, the facilities are comfortable, and their healing properties are very famous. Many people arrive to treat their ailments, specially people with skin and joint problems.
Plaza de Armas or Main Square. It keeps the traditional Colonial structure of the main square in other cities, with a Cathedral, a Town Hall, a Prefecture and Justice Palace.
The Cathedral. Two white towers and a doorway carved in red stone form a composition of singular beauty. The construction started in 1673 and ended in 1733. The main altar runs from wall to wall, and the pulpit is an example of a singular mastery in wood carving.
Iglesia de San Sebastián. This church is located in the same plaza where the Temple of San Francisco is. It has beautiful altars carved in fine wood and coated in gold leaf. One of these altars holds the image of the Niño de Lachoc (Christ Child) that, is said, appeared in some meadow and helped Major General Cáceres in a battle against the Chileans in the War of the Pacific.
Iglesia de Santa Ana. Some say the construction started in 1590, although the real date is unknown. This church houses Colonial Baroque style jewels, shown in the altars with a unique coloring and combination of flower themes.
Iglesia de San Francisco. Constructed in 1774, this church has a main altar and a small and big altarpiece remarkably carved in wood. They form one of the most beautiful compositions in religious art.
Other churches to visit include, Santo Domingo, San Cristóbal, La Ascensión and La Dolorosa. These last two churches are known for being the traditional sites for the celebration of the Fiesta de la Cruz. Also, their images are taken out in procession during Holy Week.
Arc of Triumph. A city doorway where Major General Andrés Avelino Cáceres appeared with his army, after brilliantly fighting and winning the Breña Campaign.